WORKING GROUP REPORTS

Are Nordic Countries Getting Tough on Crime?

Please find attached the power point presentations from the NSfK working group meeting "Are Nordic Countries Getting tough on crime?" (Helsinki 1-2 November 2016). The Council Member responsible for the meeting and program was Ms. Anne Alvesalo-Kuusi from Finland.

The aim of the working group was to discuss and compare recent developments in crime control in the Nordic countries: are they getting tougher on crime? Has the ’refugee crisis’ had impact on these developments? Participants were asked to give a 20-30 min presentation addressing one or more of the following questions: what impact has the recent changed social and political context, and the refugee crisis in particular had for criminal policy and crime control? What kinds of reforms, or proposals for such, have been introduced on the level of politics, policy, law-making or enforcement? Who have been the targets of control? Have these actions or initiatives for action been analyzed by researchers?

The exploitation of migrant workers and its control in the Nordic countries and beyond

Please find attached the power point presentations from the NSfK working group meeting "The exploitation of migrant workers and its control in the Nordic countries and beyond" (Helsinki 4-5 October 2016). The Council Member responsible for the meeting and program was Ms. Natalia Ollus from Finland.

The working group focused on how the issue of exploitation of migrant workers, trafficking in human beings for the purpose of forced labour and crimes of employers have been addressed and understood primarily in the Nordic countries, but also in other European settings. The presentations included papers addressing the difficulties of enforcement and legislation in Finland; the Norwegian challenges of seeing trafficking as crimes of the labour market and also as something targeting (asylum-seeking) minors; the lack of focus on labour exploitation in Iceland; and the “invisibility” of labour exploitation targeted at Romanian Roma in Denmark. In addition, presentations introduced labour market intermediaries as contributors to trafficking in the UK; labour exploitation in the agri-food sector in Italy; the invisibility of male victims of trafficking; and the intricate relationships and exploitation among Uzbek migrants in Moscow.

Criminality, incarceration and control in Nordic island societies: The Faroe Islands, The Åland Islands, Iceland and Greenland

Criminality, incarceration and control in Nordic island societies (ø-samfund) are the themes of a working group aiming at describing how conflicts and crimes are met in the following four island societies: The Faroe Islands, The Åland Islands, Iceland and Greenland. Supported by Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology (NSfK) the working group held its first seminar in The Faroe Island from November 2. to November 6. 2015. The idea of the project was described like this:

“There are large differences between the four Nordic island societies in culture, and also on how they have achieved autonomy/independence and to what extent this is implemented. They have more characteristics in common than they have with the remaining Nordic countries: Small populations that live in secluded island societies, geographically isolated from other countries; rough living conditions and highly dependant on nature forces. In such small societies people are visible to each other, mutual dependent and daily life is subject to strong traditions. To various degrees they fight for autonomy and independence. All these characteristics may influence how these islands societies handle conflicts, how they perceive crimes, and how they work out their local policy on conflicts and crime."

Read the whole report:

Drugs: What is the problem and how do we Perceive it? Policies on drugs in Nordic countries

Drugs problems have been seen first and foremost as a problem for control and punishment, then health and social welfare. Later on also care and harm reductions have been seen as relevant answers. These complex and contradictory policies have just partially been relevant answers to the problems.

Usually drugs are seen as the major problem. But increasingly, poverty is seen as the major problem, and drugs policies as an answer to handle the poor parts of populations, as presented by Wacquant in Punishing the poor (2009).

How to develop the Nordic drugs policies in the future in relation to changes in policies in recent years in USA, Latin America, and Portugal as well as harm-reduction movements?

Løsladelse. Planlægning og samarbejde i Danmark, Norge og Sverige

Denne rapport er et produkt af en langstrakt proces, som startede med, at Nordisk Samarbejdsråd for Kriminologi holdt et kontaktseminar i Danmark i 2009. Som på andre kontaktseminarer var formålet at skabe dialog imellem praktikere og forskere indenfor et fælles fagligt felt, i dette tilfælde løsladelse fra fængsel.

Straf for voldtægt

I de seneste år er bestemmelserne om seksualforbrydelser i de nordiske straffelove blevet ændret. Ændringerne vedrører bl.a. begrebet voldtægt og straf for forbrydelserne. Til trods for det er seksualforbrydelserne fortsat et meget omdiskuteret emne i de fleste af landene, både indenfor fagmiljøer og blandt almenheden, ikke mindst straf for forbrydelserne.
Det er af interesse at undersøge hvad disse lovændringer indebærer. Hvordan straffes voldtægt i de nordiske lande? Har lovændringerne haft indflydelse på udmåling af straffen, og i så fald, hvilken indflydelse? Hvad vejer mest når straffen udmåles? Hvilke faktorer og tendenser er fælles for de nordiske lande og hvilke er anderledes?
Der findes allerede en del forskning om disse emner i de enkelte nordiske lande. Men der er brug for en fælles nordisk forskning og sammenligninger. På Nordisk Samarbejdsråd for Kriminologis rådsmøde i København den 12.-13. marts 2012 blev det derfor vedtaget, at nedsætte en arbejdsgruppe som beskæftiger sig med disse problemstillinger. Gruppen består af fem medlemmer, én fra hvert af de nordiske lande, som alle har publiceret forskningsresultater indenfor dette område. Gruppen fik som opgave at gøre rede for lovgivningen om voldtægt hver i sit land og diskutere og sammenligne straffen for voldtægt. Arbejdsgruppen afholdt sit møde på Institutt for kriminologi og rettssosiologi ved Universitetet i Oslo den 3. december 2012. Artiklerne som publiceres i denne rapport bygger på deltagernes forelæsninger på mødet.
Deltagerne i arbejdsgruppen håber at dette initiativ vil bidrage til at fremme fællesnordisk forskning på strafferettens område.

Miljøstrafferet og retspolitik i de nordiske lande - Workshop report

A workshop on environmental criminal law in the Nordic countries, initiated and funded by the Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology, was recently completed.

In the spring of 2012, a report will be published by the council, complete with presentations from all of the participants given at the workshops. Already some of the presentations have been published electronically, in Scandinavian languages, and can be found here below.

Miljøstrafferet og retspolitik i de nordiske lande

A workshop on environmental criminal law in the Nordic countries initiated and funded by the Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology, was recently completed.

When the Unforeseen is Seen - Workshop report

The 3-year workshop When the Unforeseen is Seen, initiated and funded by the Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology, was recently completed. Prompted by a banking collapse in Iceland in 2008, the workshop's topics were related to crisis and society.

In the spring of 2012, a book will be published by the concil, complete with presentations from all of the participants given at the workshops. Already some of the presentations have been published electronically and can be found here below.

When the Unforeseen is Seen


When the Unforeseen is Seen was a workshop on crises and society held at the University of Iceland in December 3-5, 2009, and in January 3-5, 2011.
 
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