26 August 2010
Karsten Ingvaldsen og Vanja Lundgren Sørli
May the 8th, 2007 a seminar on organised crime was arranged at the Institute of Criminology and Sociology of Law/University of Oslo. 20 researchers participated. From the Faculty of Law three different institutes were represented along with representatives of the Police Academy of Oslo, the Norwegian Department of Justice, the Norwegian Council of Crime Prevention and the Swedish National Economic Crimes Bureau.
The first part of the seminar consisted of presentations given by:
Professor Amedeo Cottino (University of Torino) gave a presentation based on his interviews with an Italian mafia leader. With an insider view as point of departure, Cottino discussed organised crime as a normative system. From the mafia leader’s point of view any crime committed by a member of the criminal organization, the same organization should benefit from. This means that actions are acceptable when they further the goals of the criminal organization.
First Assistant Professor Paul Larsson (the Police Academy of Oslo) gave a presentation based on his ongoing study on the illegal Hasjis Market in Norway. Larsson described and discussed several features of this market: Who are the people involved, what quantities are smuggled and distributed, what type of economy does this market represent, how are the distribution organised, are anyone making big money on the Hasjis Market in Norway?
Professor Petrus van Duyne (University of Tilburg) gave a presentation based on his study on OCTA; Europol’s Organised Crime Threat Assessment. Van Duyne described how this assessment is based on a certain questionnaire. Furthermore van Duyne discussed several ways in which the questionnaire is methodological problematic. As thus Europol’s assessment of organised crime becomes rather inaccurate. Van Duyne also described this crime assessment process as critical seen from a democratical point of view. Major difficulties were experienced during the study due to Europol’s lack of willingness/ capability to share information about the development and use of their questionnaire.
Dr. Klaus von Lampe (Freie Universität in Berlin) presented his study on the study of organised crime. Among other things von Lampe described how the research on organised crime internationally has become ever more institutionalized in recent years. The demands for research on organised crime from public institutions are increasing. Further more some of the institutions are now doing research on their own. As thus the research on organised crime are developed and performed within the framework of different political agendas. This influences how Organized Crime researchers understand, explain and assess organised crime.
The second part of the seminar consisted of a round table discussion. Several crucial points were highlighted, as: Organised crime must be understood within context and as a national phenomenon. At the same time several features regarding organised crime are common independent of the place it occures, and future research will advance on cooperation and international discussion.